Category: Conflict Analytics

After 30 Years of Stagnation, Incompetence a​nd Repression, Omar al-Bashir of Sudan is Pushed Out. Problems Remain

On 11 April 2019, the Defense Minister of Sudan, Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf, announced that President Omar al-Bashir had been removed from office and was under house arrest along with a few members of his inner circle.  General Ibn Auf proposed that a transitional body of military and technicians lead the country for a two-year period after which elections for president would be held.  Some have called the events “a recycled coup”. Omar al-Bashir had come to power on 30 June 1989 in a military coup against the largely civilian coalition government led by Sadiq al-Mahdi, great-grandson of Muhammed Ahmad of Mahdist […]

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Central African Republic: Continuing Disintegration. Need for Mediation

The continuing violence, refugee flows, internally-displaced persons and the lack of government  services is a good reminder of the difficulties of creating a functioning State with a top-down approach, especially one that begins by training a national army before there is a State to protect.  There are four levels of action to consider: the local level, the State level, the multi-State regional level represented in theory by the African Union but in practice largely absent, and the world level represented by the United Nations and in its most visible form by UN military. Oubangui-Chari as the Central African Republic was […]

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Algeria: The long goodbye

Street demonstrations began in Algers on 22 February 2019 and quickly spread to other cities in Algeria.  The demonstrations, often led by young people, are massive on Fridays, the chief day of rest.  The first demands were that President Abdelaziz Boutefika not stand for a fifth term as president having already been president for 20 years since 1999.  The demands were all the more reasonable that Boutefika had had a stroke in 2013 and was unable to walk and largely could not speak.  He had been seriously ill in 2005 and was in week condition from 2005 to 2013 when his health deteriorated seriously.  He […]

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On Going Conflict in the Central African Republic

CAs the name implies, the Central African Republic (CAR) is in Central Africa. It is bordered by Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Sudan. It has a surface area of 622,984km2 and a total population of 5,507,257. The country is rich in diamond, gold and uranium, but has one of the world’s poorest populations (BBC,2014). This country was colonized by France, and later got independence on August 13th 1960 (Crisis Group 2007).Central Africa has been unstable since independence          .However I will be focusing on the most recent ,from 2004 ; a war between Unityof Democratic Forces (UFDR) […]

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Women as Peacemakers

Seeing with eyes that are gender aware, women tend to make connections between the oppression that is the ostensible cause of conflict (ethnic or national oppression) in the light of another cross-cutting one: that of gender regime.  Feminist work tends to represent war as a continuum of violence from the bedroom to the battlefield, traversing our bodies and our sense of self.  We glimpse this more readily because as women we have seen that ‘the home’ itself is not the haven it is cracked up to be.  Why, if it is a refuge, do so many women have to escape […]

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Faith Based Mediation for Babri Masjid – Ram Temple Dispute in India

Abstract: – This article is examining the decision of the five judge Constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India to refer the much fought litigation, over 60 years, which is high sensitive, and witnessed several violence and deaths in India, for a “Court Monitored Mediation”, to come out with a mediated solution as to the title over the disputed land at Ayodya district, UP State, between the two dominant communities- Hindus & Muslims. Considering the historical background, court judgments and findings, and the faith involved, this article is exploring the likelihoods of how faith related matter can be mediated […]

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From fishing to piracy – Solving piracy in Somalia

Context: The Civil War of 1980 came to an end with the plans of the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture for the development of maritime that wanted to exploit the fish fund of marine waters in which there was a potential for the development of the economy of this very poor country today. The Somalian Navy protected the coast of Somalia and established order. The civil war has led to an institutional and even more economic collapse of the country that has been going on till today. Unprotected coastal areas, lack of institutions as well as resources for the preservation […]

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The role of the mediator

Mediation is one of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). It is voluntary and non-binding on the parties in dispute. The mediator targets to take an active role in order to facilitate a settlement that includes all participants necessities. From what I learned, there are three elements that play a significant role people’s acceptance towards mediation, namely: dignity and trust. The mediator carries out a number of different functions during the process, for example: establishing a framework for cooperative decision making, promoting constructive communication, providing appropriate evaluations, empowering the parties, and ensuring a minimum level of process and outcome fairness (Boulle and Kelly, […]

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Power based resolution in Mediation

There are, of course, many responses to conflict. Two common alternatives to the processes outlined in this note are avoidance, a refusal to acknowledge or engage in the problem; and unilateral decision-making, in which one of the disputants requests (or allows) a third party to independently decide on an outcome to the dispute without a formal process. In practice, parties in conflict will frequently draw from components of all three procedures— some discussion of interests, some reliance on rights, and some attempts to use power. The ways people process or resolve disputes or attempt to make decisions are, consensual, adjudicative […]

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CHT Problem – History of crisis and attempts to resolve

The problem arises with the intrusion of plain land people and taking over lands ethnic minority in Chattogram Hill Trucks (CHT). The ethnicity, cultural, linguistic and religious distinctiveness of the indigenous people of CHT was also disturbed by the plain land Bangalis. The governments of the last few centuries also gradually curtail the autonomy of the region. Historically the CHT had always enjoyed an autonomous or quasi-autonomous status under the Mughals, British, and Pakistan period. Under the British, the region was kept apart from both the provinces of Bengal and Assam and ruled indirectly by the Governor-General Council through the […]

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Communication, Conflicts and Mediation: A Personal Reflection

Who we are as human beings is in a great way influenced by where or what kind of a social environment, we live in. An important part of our social environment are relationships, the world of human interaction and communication. Relationships between people shape our world for better or for worse. A vital ingredient of this world are also conflicts. They may represent a threat or an opportunity. How we tackle such ‘opportunities’ is very important for the quality of our lifetime spent on this planet. If we look at international relations, based on sovereign nation states and international organizations, […]

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A mediator’s mindfulness for dealing with conflict

Our world is filled with many problems including conflict that demand our attention and collaboration. Conflict, or more specifically, interpersonal conflict, is a fact of life, and particularly of organizational life. One of the most common difficulties is conflict with friends and co-workers, with children or parents, with a spouse, with people who hold opinions different from each other. However, conflict can also arise in relationships and situations outside work. Interpersonal conflict has been defined as: “An expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from the other party in achieving their […]

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The two faces of conflict and their outcome

      Interaction with human beings often bring misunderstanding which confirms the fact that “the history of human societies as well as everyday experience on interpersonal conflict show that driving forces of conflict are very strong and may pull us strongly towards destruction” (World Mediation Organization 2008, 158). However, there are interactions that often generate conflict and at the end the outcomes are positive. Conflict is an unavoidable manifestation in any society. This is because the human environment is diversified and there are interactions of human beings with different beliefs, opinions, power, desires, goals, values,needs and preferences, feelings and […]

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Moldova – Transnistria Conflict Report

Following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, a number of conflicts arose in areas of some of the post-Soviet states, usually where the new international borders did not match the ethnic affiliations of local populations. These conflicts are often referred to as frozen conflicts. The term is used for situations in which there is no active armed conflict but at the same time no peace treaty or other political agreement that would satisfy the conflicting parties. Therefore, the conflict can start again at any moment, creating an environment of insecurity and instability. There are several conflict zones on the […]

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Naming Conflict between Macedonia and Greece

The two countries Greece and the Republic of North Macedonia had a conflict since the second country declared its independence under the name of Macedonia in 1991. The core of the dispute is about the name of one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia because there is a confusion between the name of the country and the historic region of the neighbouring country of Greece which has the same name[1]. The Republic of North Macedonia became a member of the United Nations (UN) in 1993, but it was admitted under the notion: the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. […]

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The Conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea: An Assessment and Potential Solutions

This paper discusses the border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and the difficulties that both parties are having implementing the decision. This conflict may qualify as an intractable conflict. Conflict “is a difference within a person, or between two or more people, that touches them in a significant way” (LeBaron and Pillay, 2006, p. 12). Conflict hurts the most “when their interdependence is so essential that they cannot do away with it despite the difficulties of remaining interdependent, such as for friends or lovers” (LeBaron & Pillay, […]

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How to Administer Intelligence to a Global Order

“Intelligence” is referred to the ability to take information and embrace it with different types of skills, understanding it and sending it to one’s environment through a well behaved interaction with the society. (Carter, 2014) The educational system in the United States extends the term ‘gifted’ to students that have shown a difference in school academics. Germany, Switzerland, and Austria have been climbing the same later. Finland and Denmark, where the education is considered the be strongly competent, where students receive the highest scores in international assessments, offer no distinction of ‘gifted’ in their legislation. What is important to this […]

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A misConception of Conflict?

Dear colleagues, it is my upmost wish and interest to share my thoughts regarding the origin, the handling, and the finalization of conflict – generally spoken: its nature. As far as I see, lots of concepts are communicated in literature and trainings throughout the globe. Many of them confuse me and make me wonder if we are seriously talking about terms that are commonly accepted and / or underlie widely confirmed definitions. Sure, it might be a major project to create common definitions that match with the understanding of people from all corners of the world – if possible at […]

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