WMO Conflict Insight

Welcome to WMO Conflict Insight, an expert’s hub where international exchange takes place. This section enables you to meet and connect with international high-end experts, activists, and researchers from the field of global peace, international mediation, and transcultural conflict management. For academic credits and citations, this blog journal holds the International Standard Serial Number – ISSN: 2628-6998How to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight

Libya: The Blitzkrieg breaks down: Negotiations Needed

Dozens of people were killed in an air raid on 3 July 2019 on a detention center holding migrants in a camp at Tajoura, a suburb of Tripoli according to the U.N. Support Mission in Libya.  Most of those killed and wounded were Africans from Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia who had hoped to reach Europe but were blocked in Libya.  Others held in the detention center had been returned to Libya, arrested trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea. In 2018, some 15,000 persons were intercepted on boats at sea and returned to Libya, placed in detention centers without charge and with no

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The Ukrainian Conflict: Clashes between Russia and the West for geopolitical expansion

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The Ukrainian conflict is often portrayed as related to territorial disputes between Ukraine and Russia over Crimea peninsula and Donbas region—an oversimplified approach mainly used by the U.S. think tanks. The Ukraine conflict is multidimensional, much deeper than a conflict over territory, and involves both internal and external factors. The existing literature highlights political, social and economic factors—from state collapse and dysfunctional economy to Ukraine’s artificial unification and territorial borders to lack of a national identity and an authentic history. The

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Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: The long-lasting quest of Palestinians to liberation

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The conflict between Israelis and Palestinians has been around for almost a century, involving Israel and Palestine and Israel and Arab neighbors. The quest of Palestinians to liberation has been long and costly. Peace negotiations have been underway since the late 1970s, producing numerous arrangements and initiatives and at least six peace agreements—unsuccessfully to date. Israel and Palestinian Authority (PA) have been unable to settle the Palestine status due to their disagreements on the fundamental issues, known as “final status

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Mandatory mediation for motor accidental disputes in India

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Abstract  This article is probing into the possibilities for mandatory mediation mechanism to the disputes in Motor Accidents in India. In Indian judiciary, especially the Motor Accidents Claims Tribunal (MACT) is branded with an image of breeding a ‘mountain of pending cases’. The use of Mediation is being explored, but not practiced with robustness; and the possibilities of Alternative Dispute resolutions (ADR) are enormous in the arena of Insurance dispute resolutions.   Mediation in ADR is simple, less technical, quick,

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Macedonia-Greece Dispute Over the name of Macedonia

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The protracted conflict between Macedonia and Greece over the name of Macedonia involved many actors and players, direct and indirect, each seeking to take its share on the cake. The main actors in one of the long-lasting disputes in the world over history, identity and territory have been—up to recently—Macedonia and Greece. There have been other actors and bystanders—indirectly engaged in conflict—including Bulgaria, Serbia, Kosovo, as well as Russia. Nationalist groups in the Balkans have played their part, too. Fortunately,

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Mediation First – for debt recovery law and practice in India.

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Abstract This paper ( presented at International conference on ADR at IIL, Indore) is systematically examining the Debt Recovery Tools along with the laws in India vis-à-vis the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) methods, considering the legal recovery practice and methodology opted by the Banking & Finance Institutions, and accepted by the public sector banks, financial institutions and regulatory bodies. In order to prevent the death of consensus, conciliation and mediation in debt recovery law and practice, this paper explores the

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Benefits of Mindful Mediation for fragile states

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Mindfulness encompasses the mental ability to develop responsibility for oneself to assist one in solving current life issues and challenges. Unless an individual can understand him/herself, they cannot understand others. For that matter, mindful mediation is a holistic process of conflict resolution founded on a blend of evidence-based simulations and techniques through the use of inmate personal competencies and abilities in decision making (Purser & Milillo, 2015). The mediators, in this case, develop patience, open and broad-mindedness, and empathy elements

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Elections, conflicts, and expert’s perspectives

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) On May 25, WMO held its third round-table, an online conference call uniting WMO members from all over the world and devoted to a chosen topic. This time the discussion was inspired by the article “Mediation of the 2008 post-election conflict in Keny​a: Was it a case of mediator personality?” by Gordon Ogola, the Kenyan practicing lawyer and court annexed mediator. One of the reason for taking this report as a starting point for the conversation was a whole series

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The Afghan conflict and peace prospects

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) What is the conflict about? The United States government, following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 in New York that killed more than 3.000 people, identified the terrorist organisation al-Qaeda, and its leader, Osama bin Laden, as masterminds that organised the attacks.  Bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian national, had been openly confronting the U.S. and assuming the realisation of terrorist attacks on U.S. targets in Africa and the Middle East during the 1990s. To avoid being captured by

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The negotiation table equals the operation table …

Internships in mediation, are not the rolle playing. The internships in mediation, should be like the residences in medicine, the conflict is the patient, which requires the intervention of the professional, around are the interests, beliefs, emotions in play that bid to be right about how the professional will collaborate with them in cure the sick. But the patient is there, and one must save it, sometimes with haste our presence is required because the patient is going to intensive therapy, if we do not intervene quickly, the patient dies, but if the surgeon has his instruments and does not

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Mediation as a tool for the effective resolution of conflicts in Haiti

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Introduction Haiti remains a country of conflict since its independence from France on 1 January 1804. During the period of 1986 to the present time, the situation of Haiti become worse because all sectors in the population struggle for power and the control of the economic’s system. The main problem of Haiti is the disparity between the privileged and nonprivileged in the Haitian’s society. The privileged’s groups are  foreigners, people who established in Haiti for many decades, most of them

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The Dynamics of Conflict Resolution

Bernard Mayer (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000,263pp.) From his long experience as a mediator, Bernard Mayer writes “What makes a successful peacemaker or conflict resolver is not a set of processes, methodologies, or tactics; it is a way of thinking, a set of values, an array of analytical and interpersonal skills, and a clear focus.” It is worth looking at some of the analytical and interpersonal skills he mentions. The first analytical skill needed is the ability to understand the relative power and authority of the persons or groups involved in a conflict. Groups do not have equal power, as power can

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The impact of Mediation on International Conflict Resolution

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Introduction The international environment is currently facing several conflicts started and stimulated by different parties for various reasons. The conflicts have endangered the lives and distorted economies in such places. For example, currently, countries like Venezuela, Palestine, Indonesia, Syria, Sudan, Iran, and China vs. United States are facing conflicts today. In most of these countries apart from the China-US (which is a trade war), many people have lost their lives while others seek refuge in neighboring areas due to the

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The Shifting Grounds of Conflict and Peacebuilding: Stories and Lessons

John W. McDonald with Noa Zanolli, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2008, 341pp. This book is an increasingly used form of oral history collection — sometimes transformed into a book, sometimes kept as oral archives usually in university libraries.  John McDonald, US diplomat, UN administrator, and Track II diplomacy pioneer is interviewed by Noa Zanolli on the different stages of his life and what lessons can be drawn, especially for Track II-citizen diplomacy efforts.  Track I is official government-to-government diplomacy among instructed representatives of the State.  Track II is a non-official effort, usually by a non-governmental organization (NGO), academic institutions, sometimes

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Tools for Transformation

by Adam Curle, Hawthorn Press, 1990 ‘So we must discover how to recognizeand then up-root the weapons in the mind:the hates and irritations, fears and cravingsfor petty things that change to monstrous luststhat mobilize the hates, stir mobs to kill,and blight the tender flowers of compassion.‘ Adam Curle, basically a sociologist first concerned with education in newly independent Africa in the 1960s, became the first chair of the School of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford, UK, in the early 1970s.  He had been active in mediation efforts in conflicts in Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe, usually on behalf

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US – Chi​na Trade War

The US and China conflict intensified in 2018 that entails placement of tariffs. The president of the United States sought to mend the abuse of a broken international system and unfair trade activities between the two nations. The US held that Chinese laws undermined the intellectual property rights to engage joint ventures with their companies. For that matter, the US, Canada, Mexico, and the EU nations allege the Chinese market to be distorted, thus do not recognize it as a market economy. In 2018, Richard Trumka president claimed that China had robbed the US intellectual property and forced its way

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Conflict and mediation in Venezuela

A humanitarian crisis of enormous proportions is underway in Venezuela that has already caused an exodus comparable to Syria at war. According to statistics, since 2015, more than 3 million people have left the country, targeting mainly the closest countries, such as Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica and Brazil. In this way, the crisis in Venezuela affects not only the country but Latin America as a whole. What is happening in Venezuela? What interests and what players are involved in the conflict? What similarities would there be between this conflict and other precedents? Can the sanctions imposed by the United States

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Politics of Compromise: The Tajikistan Peace Process

In comparison with many of the current intra-state conflicts, the inter-Tajik violence is notable both for its rapid escalation to war in 1992, less than a year after formal independence, and for its relatively quick conclusion through a negotiated settlement signed in June 1997. The peace process was a good example of multi-track diplomacy: the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, neighbouring governments in particular Russia, Iran, Pakistan, Afghan factions, and other Central Asian republics born from the USSR, the Tajik government, the United Tajik Opposition (more opposition than united),

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Mindful questions on the conflict in Syria

Basic Facts The war began in 2011 when the public was protesting wrongful, and torture in the country, the president Bashar Al-Assad reacted by imprisonment of more people and killing hundreds of them. That led to the formation of a rebel group known as the Free Syrian Army to oust the authoritative regime in July 2011 (BBC News, 2019). The Middle East countries like Jordan, Israel, and Saudi Arabia are against such acts, thus support the opposition while Iran supports the president and has supplied soldiers to reinforce the government forces. Besides, it has emerged as a backyard for international

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Cameroon: Moving fast when there are short windows of opportunity

On 8 May 2019, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, after a 3-day mission to the Cameroon, welcomed the Cameroon government’s willingness to cooperate over finding workable solutions to what she called “major human rights and humanitarian crises” caused by months of serious unrest and violence across the southwest and north of the country.  She said “I believe that there is a clear – if possibly short – window of opportunity to arrest the crises that have led to hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people as well as the killings and brutal human rights violations

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About the responsibility of the international community towards the Venezuelan conflict

The conflict in Venezuela began escalating on 10th January 2019 when the opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself as the acting president claiming that the incumbent Nicholas Maduro was not duly elected. The national assembly had earlier on invalidated the election of president Maduro during his second inauguration based on the 1999 constitution. However, the Supreme Court denied such claims holding that the national assembly’s act was not in line with the constitution (Grant, 2019). Thus, there was a need for re-election. However, the efforts of the Organization of America States to call for another election have not born any

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Mediation in the post-conflict period in the countries of former Yugoslavia

Perennial peace in the Western Balkans in the countries of the former Yugoslavia is a period when every state seeks to organize internal politics, economy, education, as well as other segments of everyday life. The mutual relations of countries that formed a, Yugoslavia have changed. a state that can be described by words such as slight indifference, effort to forget the ugly past. There is no lack of anger, an evocation of painful memories in the days when all of us in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Slovenia are following media reports from The Hague on convictions

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Mediation of the 2008 post-election conflict in Keny​a: Was it a case of mediator personality?

Introduction In 2008 Koffi Annan and a panel of other eminent personalities under the auspices of the African Union mediated the Kenyan conflict between two major political parties stemming from a bungled presidential election by the Electoral body. Before the arrival of the panel, other personalities and organizations had made unsuccessful attempts but which were nonetheless crucial in laying the groundwork for the work of the panel. At the end of the grueling, tension pact and riveting Forty-One-day of mediation efforts, white smoke billowed, and the country could breathe again. The success of the mediation has been widely credited to

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Cross-Border Bilateral Negotiations

Negotiation across boundaries, especially involving multiple nations is a difficult and challenging process because of the complexity of issues involved, the communication preferences, the differences in cultural values and perspectives, the of scope of the agenda and approaches to the negotiations that are acceptable by all parties involved, and the terms of the agreement in the final stage. This article is an excerpt of a paper I wrote last year which examined the recent amendment to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as the case study. Even though NAFTA is a trilateral agreement, the paper focused only on the cross-border bilateral

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Yemen and World Law: Building from Current Violations

“Shall we not learn from life its laws, dynamics, balances?  Learn to base our needs not on death, destruction, waste, but renewal?”— Nancy Newhall On 16 April 2019, U.S. President Donald Trump vetoed S.J. Resolution 7 to withdraw U.S. support for the Saudi and United Arab Emirates-led coalition in the war on Yemen.   The resolution had passed both houses of Congress with bipartisan support.  However, there are most likely not enough votes to override the veto; a two-thirds majority is needed. Also on 16 April, a French investigative NGO with web journal Disclose published a note of the French military intelligence service

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