Mediation in the post-conflict period in the countries of former Yugoslavia
Perennial peace in the Western Balkans in the countries of the former Yugoslavia is a period when every state seeks to organize internal politics, economy, education, as well as other segments of everyday life. The mutual relations of countries that formed a, Yugoslavia have changed. a state that can be described by words such as slight indifference, effort to forget the ugly past. There is no lack of anger, an evocation of painful memories in the days when all of us in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Slovenia are following media reports from The Hague on convictions of war criminals
Interesting is the phenomenon of a specific social occurrence called Yugonostalgia. Evoking ancient memories at a time when the country was one and had a great leader of Tito. Emotions are undoubtedly
In this work, we will point out the critical tactics that initiate the conflicts of individuals and groups that are at the root of the conflict. We will present the significance of mediation in the post-conflict environment as the segments of action as well as the approaches that need to be adapted to guarantee peace and stability in this part of the world. We will give answers to questions what discourse to apply in the process of establishing lasting peace and mutual cooperation. We will present examples of similar conflicts in the world in order to highlight the importance of mediation in the various degrees of conflict as well as the perspective that this discipline has.
One of the questions we ask is who should be the initiator of the mediation process in the former Yugoslavia, and to what extent and how the media can contribute to the spreading of a
When we talk about international politics of the countries of the former Yugoslavia, the first steps were taken to establish economic cooperation. The key to establishing lasting good neighborly relations is in economic cooperation. For the first time, representatives of the countries of the former Yugoslavia gathered in 2013 with the aim of improving the common strategy in terms of economic cooperation. The fact that the EU does not plan for enlargement by 2020, significantly affect the economic stability of the countries of the Western Balkans. Knowing that the EU enlargement plan was far-reaching, there was a significant meeting of high representatives of the countries of the former Yugoslavia in order to find an effective model of economic cooperation.
First International Economic Agreement CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Agreement) It was signed in 2006 between Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania and UMNIK / Kosovo with the aim of improving the inter-trade exchange of the signatory countries. CEFTA presents an agreement mediated by the relevant institutions of the signatory countries. Although more than a decade has passed since the signing of the CEFTA agreement, it gives very modest results. It is clearly in the countries of the former Yugoslavia in the post-conflict phase and the healing process, which is still officially not implemented by anyone. Unlike the conflict that is ongoing when it is necessary to map the core of the problem, in the case of ex Yugoslavia, instead of the core of the problem, it is necessary to map the motivators for positive changes. In each process of mediation, it is important to map common interests as motivators for establishing positive, constructive relationships.
Dusan Janjic, president of the Center for Ethnic Relations, agrees that the driver of good relations between countries that were once in a conflict is of economic nature. A non-governmental organization that has been void by Dusan Janjic has implemented several projects aimed at mitigating the conflict in Kosovo by promoting a discourse of peace and mutual cooperation. A decade later, it is clear that the occasional methods of establishing a culture of dialogue, tolerance,
It is clear that all ex-Yugoslavia countries are seeking to establish economic and political stability. Striving towards EU membership implies the adoption of EU standards, which is another potential motivator of mutual cooperation. As we pointed out CEFTA agreement does not include all ex-Yugoslavia countries. It is clear that a new economic agreement that would unite the interests of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro,
In addition to art, culture and education are also neutral areas in which the discourse of peace, tolerance, rights to diversity, familiarity and respect for culture and traditions of countries in the region should be nurtured. We pay special attention to an economic sector that would be an excellent catalyst for establishing lasting peace, and that is tourism. By cooperating with tourist organizations in the countries of former Yugoslavia it is possible to organize tourist arrangements that would, for example, visit the sights in the countries of the region, recognizing the tradition and culture. In this way, the effect of a mutual identity construct would be achieved because culture and traditions represent the most important elements of the collective identity of each country. Wisdom question is who would implement the mediation process in a post-conflict environment? The initiator should not be any party that was in conflict. It is advisable to be a neutral side. The non-governmental sector, the United Nations, the European Commission or, firstly, an international organization dealing with conflict resolution and a healing process such as WMO (World Mediation Organization).
Analyzing the organizational structure of the United Nations, I came to considerable knowledge. Individual programs of mediation and advocacy are realized in the form of programs or projects. However, with the exception of the UN Peacekeepers, there is no organization that would precede this, and to deal with a peaceful resolution of disputes. Practically, until the outbreak of
The separation of the Crime from Ukraine are just some of the examples of different levels of conflict in which mediation would contribute to resolving problems favorably across all sides of the conflict. Although we pay special attention to the motivators in the post-conflict period, we also mention the critical points that at the same time represent the foreground, but also the chance for a
The question is what is the role of the media in a post-conflict environment in ex-Yugoslavia? The media is a communication channel for the transmission of information. Bearing in mind the fact that mediation is a completely new and unknown area, not only in Serbia but also in the Western Balkan countries, it is desirable to establish an independent media network that would produce programs of specialized content in the field of mediation. In the first pre-accession phase of Serbia’s entry into the European Union, the practice of independent production of programs was promoted that promotes European values as well as the benefits of the country’s entry into the European Union. This program is operated by an independent media organization Network creating broadcast Evronet. Bearing in mind the fact that this program gave very positive results for the creation of content that would promote the basic values in the process of mediation in the territory of Ex Yugoslavia, it would give very positive results.
Mediation, apart from being significant during the conflict, is also useful in the post-conflict period as it is on the territory of the former Yugoslavia. Her role is clear, strengthening the stability of the Western Balkans through spreading a message of peace, tolerance, mutual respect,
Once again, we note the significant fact that the UN does not have a branch dealing with the process of mediation and peaceful resolution of the conflict. This branch, which could be called UN Peace, would implement alternative dispute resolution processes by saving time, money, and most importantly preserving thousands of lives in the event of an escalation of the conflict. The absence of such an important UN branch gives the WMO the opportunity to actively engage in mediation processes around the world because of the great sadness of the conflict is much while the peacekeepers are in shadow.
Central European Free Trade Agreement
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Euronet television program on Serbia’s entry into the European Union