Mindful Mediation - Syllabus 1, Section C) v2

Boris Böttcher posted 1 year ago, 2 Responses
Analytical conflict report on the ‘Israel-Palestinian peace plan’
The background of the ‘Israel-Palestinian peace plan’ is who is entitled to settle in the Cis-Jordan region. The Jewish settlers claiming to have the right to live in this region, while, also the Arabic, and other, tribes, claiming that the region would be there historical settling area. Since the foundation of Israel, with its first recognized by the US government in 1948 1), it had the tendency to enlarge its territory which was successful during the six days war in 1967. Some of the Arabic settlers were resettled from some of their previous settlements to the Gaza Strip along the coast towards Egypt and the West Bank, along the Jordan valley, around Jerusalem. While both states do not recognize each other, the UN is about to formally support the two states solution since the 1970s. East Jerusalem is the supposed to be capital of the Palestine state, West Jerusalem should become the capital from Israel.
The latter was already declared to be accepted by the US government under President Trump in 2017. Later in 2019, they also stated that the Jewish settlements in the West Bank were consistent with international law 2). It is, however still questioned by the Arabic league as well as the EU and other nations.
In January 2020, the US government did propose, together with Israel, the ‘Israel-Palestinian peace plan’. President Trump called the deal a \"realistic two-state solution.\" 3)  Which entails the annexation of 30% of the West Bank by Israel and put other conditions to the Palestine state, such as full recognition of Israel and to accept limited sovereignty. On the other side, Israel would accept the recognition of a State of Palestine, and they would be entitled to found their own capital on the outskirts of East Jerusalem. Finally, Israel would control the Jordan valley, which Palestine considers to be necessary to irrigate their 80,000 hectares of agricultural land in the West Bank.

The way forward is under the influence of several questions which are coming up in light of the current development. As such, it is to be elaborated how it comes that US and Israel government are proposing this plan right now. The geopolitical situation seems to be still relative stable as a whole while some major regional and global powers are already quite engaged in some conflicts. Namely, the Iran conflict with US involvement, to a certain extent backed by Israel, gives already a back ground that further steps to ensure the security of the State of Israel are ongoing. China, on the one hand, as member of the Security Council, is relatively quite in the conflict, while gaining benefits of becoming the most important economic partner of Iran with its important oil reserves. At the same time, Russia, is diverting the attention from its conflict in Eastern Europe, and building up training on the field for its military complex, with its operations in Syria. Furthermore, the two other members of the Security Council, the former protective powers in the region, France and UK, are stepping beside and pronounce themselves mainly through the EU. Which could give an opportunity for the EU for further integration, while the response to the peace plan is negative concerning several points and still relatively modest.
Finally, other global players, such as the economic powers of Germany and Japan, are modest in their response. The first is pronouncing through their Foreign Minister Heiko Maas in a statement that Germany welcomed \"every impulse to get the long-stalled Middle East peace process back up and running\" 4).
Anyhow, some other regional powers, such as Turkey, are quite active in the region. However, they seem not to interfere with the peace plan since other stakeholders, such as Hamas, who is ruling the Gaza Strip at the moment , and is rejecting the peace plan, would eventually loose power. As a reaction, Hamas already withdrew relationships with Israel and US. On the other side, Fatah, ruling the West Bank, its Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said, he will express opposition to the White House peace proposal, but he won’t see a vote on a resolution against it 5). With a comparable position on the peace plan from the Arab league, they, are ‘backing Abbas, Arab League unanimously rejects Trump’s Middle East peace plan 6). even Some Arabic states, such as Oman, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, even though members of the Arabic league, were even thanked by the US president for the involvement in the peace process 7).
As a result, some stakeholders are criticising the peace plan, and other analysts seeing the ‘larger goal of Mr. Trump and Mr Netanyahu’s was to shift the starting point of any future negotiations sharply in Israel’s favor’ 8), in total, it might be a step relaunching the discussions on possible solutions for the Middle East conflict.

 1) https://nypost.com/2020/01/28/trump-netanyahu-unveil-plan-for-two-state-israel-palestine-peace/, 28 January 2020
  2) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trump_peace_plan, last edited on 10 February 2020
  3) https://www.dw.com/en/trump-reveals-israeli-palestinian-peace-plan/a-52179629, , 28 January 2020
  4) https://www.dw.com/en/trump-reveals-israeli-palestinian-peace-plan/a-52179629, 28 January 2020
  5) https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/02/11/palestinian-authority-president-mahmoud-abbas-criticize-trump-middle-east-peace-plan-united-nations-security-council-israel-palestine/, 11 February 2020
  6) https://www.timesofisrael.com/backing-abbas-arab-league-rejects-trumps-middle-east-peace-plan/, 01 Februar 2020
  7) https://www.dw.com/en/trump-reveals-israeli-palestinian-peace-plan/a-52179629, 28 January 2020
  8) https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/28/world/middleeast/peace-plan.html, 28 January 2020