United Nations Security Council & Yemen conflict

Johanna Heidgen posted 3 years ago, 1 Responses
charged with \"primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security\"
15 members: permanent: China, France, USA, UK, Russia; rest is elected for a duration of 2 years
five for African and Asian States; one for Eastern European States; two for the Latin American and Caribbean States; and two for Western European and other States
Each member has one vote
primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security
Under the Charter of the UN, all members are obligated to comply with decision
takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression
calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement
in some cases, the Security Council can impose sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security
Functions and powers of the Security Council:

to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles and purposes of the United Nations
to investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction
to recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement
to formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments
to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken
to call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression
to take military action against an aggressor
to recommend the admission of new Members
to exercise the trusteeship functions of the United Nations in \"strategic areas\"
to recommend to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and, together with the Assembly, to elect the Judges of the International Court of Justice.
International Conflict: Yemen 

World’s worst humanitarian crisis 
24 million people in need, ⅘  of the population
rapid transmission of COVID-19 and renewed fighting have only aggravated the situation, taking humanitarian needs in Yemen to dizzying new heights
obstacles for humanitarian aid: violence against aid workers and humanitarian assets, ranging from murder and assault to arbitrary arrests and theft. A coordinated media campaign in northern Yemen went so far as to incite hate speech and violence against aid organizations. Today, health professionals caring for coronavirus patients and scapegoated groups face threats and attacks
EU has just increased its humanitarian aid for Yemen by another €70 million ($81 million), bringing the total humanitarian funding of the EU for Yemen to €115 million for 2020
 The EU, together with other members of the international community, continues reaching out to parties and stakeholders in support of U.N. efforts to put an end to the war and get the parties to the negotiating table


Sanctions by the UN Security Council

Assets Freeze (until 26 February 2021)
Freeze all fund, financial assets and economic resources that are owned or controlled by the individuals designated by the Committee, or by individuals acting on their behalf or being controlled by them

Travel Ban  (until 26 February 2021)
Prohibits the entry into or transit through States’ territories of individuals designated by the Committee

Targeted Arms Embargo
All Member States prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms to Yemen, from or through their territories or by their nationals, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and technical assistance, training, financial or other assistance, related to military activities or the provision, maintenance or use of any arms and related materiel, including the provision of armed mercenary personnel whether or not originating in their territories