Customary Law in the Arab World

Traditional conflict resolution methods are considered one of the oldest methods used throughout history to resolve conflicts between individuals, and in the Arab world, many of these methods are still used today in a vital way to resolve many issues and disputes. In this article, we will focus on presenting customary/tribal law in the Arab […]

Sudan: Towards a Proposal Solution to end Famine in South Sudan

Famine has plagued South Sudan for many decades. This situation is due not only to the geographical position of this country but also to the rapid climate change and ethnic wars. Several solutions have tried to bring relief to this significant problem of famine without real success. Therefore, it is advisable to think of it […]

Ethiopia: Addressing Sexual Violence in Tigray Conflict

Sexual violence is known as an overall result of armed conflict and other crises. However, in the Tigray region, it has taken another dimension. It has become the primary weapon of war in multiple faces with systematic rape. The late intervention of the international community, including local nongovernmental organizations, forced the Ethiopian government to speak […]

Restorative Justice: An Answer to Sexual Violence in Nepal?

1) KeyWords Nepal, South Asia, restorative justice, alternative justice, criminal justice, survivor-centered approach, sexual violence, gender-based violence, violence prevention, violence against women, taboo, patriarchy, civil war, high—level corruption, police corruption, healing, mental health, COVID-19 lockdown, victim-blaming, awareness, online sexual violence, cybercrime, NGOs, funding challenges, advocacy, sexual and reproductive health and rights, reintegration, women empowerment 2) Abstract Rising […]

Why is the Conflict in Lebanon So Intractable?

On October 17th of this year, Lebanese people took to the streets in an exceptional protest against government corruption following the announcement that there would be taxes imposed on the use of the free, internet-based messenger service WhatsApp. Distrusting sentiment towards the sectarian government has been brewing for as long as Lebanon has existed with […]

Significance of multilateral institutions in trade dispute management

The antagonism in international trade negotiations impacts many countries. Small states find themselves engrossing in bilateral talks within which leaves them in weaker positions with time advancement. A multilateral agreement is pivotal even if it is evasive. An impactful trade agreement can mitigate the current volatile global economy to facilitate sustainable markets. (Koldunova, 2019) A […]

Storm Clouds Gather Over Ethiopia

The armed conflict which began on 4 November 2020 between the central government of Ethiopia and the semi-autonomous province of Tigray – bordering Eritrea and Sudan – has raised fears of a wider conflict.  Hundreds of people have already been killed, and the United Nations has warned of a massive refugee flow.  Details are difficult […]

Nagorno-Karabakh: Starting the Second Month of War

27 September 2020 marked the start of a renewed armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh among the forces of Azerbaijan, the Armenian-populated Republic of Artsakh, and Armenia.  The conflict has provoked a loss of life and the destruction of civilian property.  Of the 150,000 persons living in the Republic of Artsakh prior to the start of the […]

Is there a realistic chance for Yemen to come to peace?

The worst humanitarian crisis – that is saying something in a world with all sorts of problems. Yemen didn’t have it easy in the last decades and it has gotten worse since 2015 when the government changed violently. Several agreements, UN sanctions, and dialogues happened during the last 5 years. Steps forward, step backward. A complex game about […]

The Global Democracy stressing out under the Pandemic Cords

The current democratic situation at the international level during election times under the Pandemic phase is facing changes and pressures. The democratic legitimacy is evaluated by comparing its effects within the aims of the state rulers that may see the Pandemic as an opportunity to prolong their power or even to influence people to get […]