Category: Conflict Analytics

International Humanitarian Law, Constant Challenges, NGO Responses

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) 12 August is the anniversary of the signing of the Geneva Conventions of 1949.  The 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Protocols Additional are central instruments of International Humanitarian Law.  The Geneva Conventions, are also often called the Red Cross Conventions as the International Committee of the Red Cross is the institution which is to promote and protect the articles of the Conventions, although the Convention opens the door to other organizations “which offers all guarantees of impartiality and efficacy.“ The […]

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Venezuela Crisis – An illustrative example of the resource curse factor

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Venezuela brings the story of a country—which within five years went from economic and political instability to a humanitarian crisis. After years of denying, in April 2019, President Nicolas Maduro, finally declared a humanitarian crisis, allowing foreign aid providers to enter the country and helping the population affected. Currently, Venezuelans represent one of the single largest displaced populations in the world—topping to 4 million as of June 2019 (UNHCR, 2019). The refugee number, according to the UNHCR projections, expects to […]

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The Ukrainian Conflict: Clashes between Russia and the West for geopolitical expansion

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The Ukrainian conflict is often portrayed as related to territorial disputes between Ukraine and Russia over Crimea peninsula and Donbas region—an oversimplified approach mainly used by the U.S. think tanks. The Ukraine conflict is multidimensional, much deeper than a conflict over territory, and involves both internal and external factors. The existing literature highlights political, social and economic factors—from state collapse and dysfunctional economy to Ukraine’s artificial unification and territorial borders to lack of a national identity and an authentic history. The […]

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After 30 years of stagnation, incompetence a​nd repression, Omar al-Bashir of Sudan is pushed out. Problems remain

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) On 11 April 2019, the Defense Minister of Sudan, Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf, announced that President Omar al-Bashir had been removed from office and was under house arrest along with a few members of his inner circle.  General Ibn Auf proposed that a transitional body of military and technicians lead the country for a two-year period after which elections for president would be held.  Some have called the events “a recycled coup”. Omar al-Bashir had come to power on 30 June […]

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Central African Republic: Continuing disintegration. Need for mediation

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The continuing violence, refugee flows, internally-displaced persons and the lack of government  services is a good reminder of the difficulties of creating a functioning State with a top-down approach, especially one that begins by training a national army before there is a State to protect.  There are four levels of action to consider: the local level, the State level, the multi-State regional level represented in theory by the African Union but in practice largely absent, and the world level […]

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Algeria: The long goodbye

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Street demonstrations began in Algers on 22 February 2019 and quickly spread to other cities in Algeria.  The demonstrations, often led by young people, are massive on Fridays, the chief day of rest.  The first demands were that President Abdelaziz Boutefika not stand for a fifth term as president having already been president for 20 years since 1999.  The demands were all the more reasonable that Boutefika had had a stroke in 2013 and was unable to walk and largely could not […]

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On going conflict in the Central African Republic

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) As the name implies, the Central African Republic (CAR) is in Central Africa. It is bordered by Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Sudan. It has a surface area of 622,984km2 and a total population of 5,507,257. The country is rich in diamond, gold and uranium, but has one of the world’s poorest populations (BBC,2014). This country was colonized by France, and later got independence on August 13th 1960 (Crisis Group 2007).Central Africa has been unstable […]

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Women as Peacemakers

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Seeing with eyes that are gender aware, women tend to make connections between the oppression that is the ostensible cause of conflict (ethnic or national oppression) in the light of another cross-cutting one: that of gender regime.  Feminist work tends to represent war as a continuum of violence from the bedroom to the battlefield, traversing our bodies and our sense of self.  We glimpse this more readily because as women we have seen that ‘the home’ itself is not […]

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Faith based mediation for Babri Masjid – Ram Temple dispute in India

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Abstract: – This article is examining the decision of the five judge Constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India to refer the much fought litigation, over 60 years, which is high sensitive, and witnessed several violence and deaths in India, for a “Court Monitored Mediation”, to come out with a mediated solution as to the title over the disputed land at Ayodya district, UP State, between the two dominant communities- Hindus & Muslims. Considering the historical background, court […]

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From fishing to piracy – Solving piracy in Somalia

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Context: The Civil War of 1980 came to an end with the plans of the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture for the development of maritime that wanted to exploit the fish fund of marine waters in which there was a potential for the development of the economy of this very poor country today. The Somalian Navy protected the coast of Somalia and established order. The civil war has led to an institutional and even more economic collapse of the […]

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The role of the mediator

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Mediation is one of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). It is voluntary and non-binding on the parties in dispute. The mediator targets to take an active role in order to facilitate a settlement that includes all participants necessities. From what I learned, there are three elements that play a significant role people’s acceptance towards mediation, namely: dignity and trust. The mediator carries out a number of different functions during the process, for example: establishing a framework for cooperative decision making, promoting […]

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Power based resolution in Mediation

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) There are, of course, many responses to conflict. Two common alternatives to the processes outlined in this note are avoidance, a refusal to acknowledge or engage in the problem; and unilateral decision-making, in which one of the disputants requests (or allows) a third party to independently decide on an outcome to the dispute without a formal process. In practice, parties in conflict will frequently draw from components of all three procedures— some discussion of interests, some reliance on rights, […]

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CHT Problem – History of crisis and attempts to resolve

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The problem arises with the intrusion of plain land people and taking over lands ethnic minority in Chattogram Hill Trucks (CHT). The ethnicity, cultural, linguistic and religious distinctiveness of the indigenous people of CHT was also disturbed by the plain land Bangalis. The governments of the last few centuries also gradually curtail the autonomy of the region. Historically the CHT had always enjoyed an autonomous or quasi-autonomous status under the Mughals, British, and Pakistan period. Under the British, the […]

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Communication, Conflicts and Mediation: A Personal Reflection

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Who we are as human beings is in a great way influenced by where or what kind of a social environment, we live in. An important part of our social environment are relationships, the world of human interaction and communication. Relationships between people shape our world for better or for worse. A vital ingredient of this world are also conflicts. They may represent a threat or an opportunity. How we tackle such ‘opportunities’ is very important for the quality […]

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A mediator’s mindfulness for dealing with conflict

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Our world is filled with many problems including conflict that demand our attention and collaboration. Conflict, or more specifically, interpersonal conflict, is a fact of life, and particularly of organizational life. One of the most common difficulties is conflict with friends and co-workers, with children or parents, with a spouse, with people who hold opinions different from each other. However, conflict can also arise in relationships and situations outside work. Interpersonal conflict has been defined as: “An expressed struggle […]

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The two faces of conflict and their outcome

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight )       Interaction with human beings often bring misunderstanding which confirms the fact that “the history of human societies as well as everyday experience on interpersonal conflict show that driving forces of conflict are very strong and may pull us strongly towards destruction” (World Mediation Organization 2008, 158). However, there are interactions that often generate conflict and at the end the outcomes are positive. Conflict is an unavoidable manifestation in any society. This is because the human environment […]

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Moldova – Transnistria Conflict Report

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) Following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, a number of conflicts arose in areas of some of the post-Soviet states, usually where the new international borders did not match the ethnic affiliations of local populations. These conflicts are often referred to as frozen conflicts. The term is used for situations in which there is no active armed conflict but at the same time no peace treaty or other political agreement that would satisfy the conflicting parties. Therefore, the […]

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Naming Conflict between Macedonia and Greece

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) The two countries Greece and the Republic of North Macedonia had a conflict since the second country declared its independence under the name of Macedonia in 1991. The core of the dispute is about the name of one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia because there is a confusion between the name of the country and the historic region of the neighbouring country of Greece which has the same name[1]. The Republic of North Macedonia became a […]

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The Conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea: An Assessment and Potential Solutions

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) This paper discusses the border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and the difficulties that both parties are having implementing the decision. This conflict may qualify as an intractable conflict. Conflict “is a difference within a person, or between two or more people, that touches them in a significant way” (LeBaron and Pillay, 2006, p. 12). Conflict hurts the most “when their interdependence is so essential that […]

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How to Administer Intelligence to a Global Order

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, https://worldmediation.org/conflict-insight ) “Intelligence” is referred to the ability to take information and embrace it with different types of skills, understanding it and sending it to one’s environment through a well behaved interaction with the society. (Carter, 2014) The educational system in the United States extends the term ‘gifted’ to students that have shown a difference in school academics. Germany, Switzerland, and Austria have been climbing the same later. Finland and Denmark, where the education is considered the be strongly competent, where […]

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