The Criminal Liability of Child Soldiers 

Many of the children who were recruited into armed groups or one of the conflict parties have participated in the hostilities, and as a result, many of them have committed different types of crimes. However, two main approaches are still leading the issue of child soldiers’ responsibility for the crimes they committed during their recruitment, […]

Customary Law in the Arab World

Traditional conflict resolution methods are considered one of the oldest methods used throughout history to resolve conflicts between individuals, and in the Arab world, many of these methods are still used today in a vital way to resolve many issues and disputes. In this article, we will focus on presenting customary/tribal law in the Arab […]

Mitigating the crisis in democracy – preemptive mediation and the survival of the planet.

How do we mitigate polarization, existential fears, and other factors contributing to stressors in political work? Theory and solution focus: This paper holds suggestions for those willing to consider preemptive mediation in a wide context; even institutions. It is for those who wish to install helpful effects for the work of those involved in professional […]

Restorative Justice: An Answer to Sexual Violence in Nepal?

1) KeyWords Nepal, South Asia, restorative justice, alternative justice, criminal justice, survivor-centered approach, sexual violence, gender-based violence, violence prevention, violence against women, taboo, patriarchy, civil war, high—level corruption, police corruption, healing, mental health, COVID-19 lockdown, victim-blaming, awareness, online sexual violence, cybercrime, NGOs, funding challenges, advocacy, sexual and reproductive health and rights, reintegration, women empowerment 2) Abstract Rising […]

The ACP, EPA, and The European Union Trade Agreements

The impact of globalization and trade brought with it the neoliberal-laissez-faire dialogue and the pursuit of profit. The ACP, EPA, and European Union trade agreements may be described as fitting this description. They make up some of the countries that have entered into international agreements for national interests. These multilateral trade agreements are aligned with […]

New Start for Stability in Libya

The 74 members of the Libya Political Dialogue Forum meeting in Geneva, Switzerland with the mediation of the United Nations, on 5 February 2021, announced the creation of a new executive authority for all of Libya. This interim unity government would lead the administration until national elections which are to be held on 24 December […]

Why did the hope for peace associated with the Oslo process unravel so quickly?

The Oslo accords were a set of written agreements between Israel, represented by Labour party leader Yitzhak Rabin, and Yasser Arafat, who was representative of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, mediated in most part by US president Bill Clinton (Erakat, 2019). The first meeting, “Oslo I”, was signed in Washington D.C. in 1993. The “Oslo II” […]