Category: Politics

Libya: The Blitzkrieg breaks down: Negotiations Needed

Dozens of people were killed in an air raid on 3 July 2019 on a detention center holding migrants in a camp at Tajoura, a suburb of Tripoli according to the U.N. Support Mission in Libya.  Most of those killed and wounded were Africans from Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia who had hoped to reach Europe but were blocked in Libya.  Others held in the detention center had been returned to Libya, arrested trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea. In 2018, some 15,000 persons were intercepted on boats at sea and returned to Libya, placed in detention centers without charge and with no […]

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Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: The long-lasting quest of Palestinians to liberation

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, ) The conflict between Israelis and Palestinians has been around for almost a century, involving Israel and Palestine and Israel and Arab neighbors. The quest of Palestinians to liberation has been long and costly. Peace negotiations have been underway since the late 1970s, producing numerous arrangements and initiatives and at least six peace agreements—unsuccessfully to date. Israel and Palestinian Authority (PA) have been unable to settle the Palestine status due to their disagreements on the fundamental issues, known as “final status […]

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Macedonia-Greece Dispute Over the name of Macedonia

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, ) The protracted conflict between Macedonia and Greece over the name of Macedonia involved many actors and players, direct and indirect, each seeking to take its share on the cake. The main actors in one of the long-lasting disputes in the world over history, identity and territory have been—up to recently—Macedonia and Greece. There have been other actors and bystanders—indirectly engaged in conflict—including Bulgaria, Serbia, Kosovo, as well as Russia. Nationalist groups in the Balkans have played their part, too. Fortunately, […]

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Benefits of Mindful Mediation for fragile states

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, ) Mindfulness encompasses the mental ability to develop responsibility for oneself to assist one in solving current life issues and challenges. Unless an individual can understand him/herself, they cannot understand others. For that matter, mindful mediation is a holistic process of conflict resolution founded on a blend of evidence-based simulations and techniques through the use of inmate personal competencies and abilities in decision making (Purser & Milillo, 2015). The mediators, in this case, develop patience, open and broad-mindedness, and empathy elements […]

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Elections, conflicts, and expert’s perspectives

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, ) On May 25, WMO held its third round-table, an online conference call uniting WMO members from all over the world and devoted to a chosen topic. This time the discussion was inspired by the article “Mediation of the 2008 post-election conflict in Keny​a: Was it a case of mediator personality?” by Gordon Ogola, the Kenyan practicing lawyer and court annexed mediator. One of the reason for taking this report as a starting point for the conversation was a whole series […]

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The Afghan conflict and peace prospects

( Note on how to cite this journal: Author, Date of the post, WMO Conflict Insight, Title of the post,  ISSN: 2628-6998, ) What is the conflict about? The United States government, following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 in New York that killed more than 3.000 people, identified the terrorist organisation al-Qaeda, and its leader, Osama bin Laden, as masterminds that organised the attacks.  Bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian national, had been openly confronting the U.S. and assuming the realisation of terrorist attacks on U.S. targets in Africa and the Middle East during the 1990s. To avoid being captured by […]

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US – Chi​na Trade War

The US and China conflict intensified in 2018 that entails placement of tariffs. The president of the United States sought to mend the abuse of a broken international system and unfair trade activities between the two nations. The US held that Chinese laws undermined the intellectual property rights to engage joint ventures with their companies. For that matter, the US, Canada, Mexico, and the EU nations allege the Chinese market to be distorted, thus do not recognize it as a market economy. In 2018, Richard Trumka president claimed that China had robbed the US intellectual property and forced its way […]

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Conflict and mediation in Venezuela

A humanitarian crisis of enormous proportions is underway in Venezuela that has already caused an exodus comparable to Syria at war. According to statistics, since 2015, more than 3 million people have left the country, targeting mainly the closest countries, such as Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica and Brazil. In this way, the crisis in Venezuela affects not only the country but Latin America as a whole. What is happening in Venezuela? What interests and what players are involved in the conflict? What similarities would there be between this conflict and other precedents? Can the sanctions imposed by the United States […]

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Mindful questions on the conflict in Syria

Basic Facts The war began in 2011 when the public was protesting wrongful, and torture in the country, the president Bashar Al-Assad reacted by imprisonment of more people and killing hundreds of them. That led to the formation of a rebel group known as the Free Syrian Army to oust the authoritative regime in July 2011 (BBC News, 2019). The Middle East countries like Jordan, Israel, and Saudi Arabia are against such acts, thus support the opposition while Iran supports the president and has supplied soldiers to reinforce the government forces. Besides, it has emerged as a backyard for international […]

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About the responsibility of the international community towards the Venezuelan conflict

The conflict in Venezuela began escalating on 10th January 2019 when the opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself as the acting president claiming that the incumbent Nicholas Maduro was not duly elected. The national assembly had earlier on invalidated the election of president Maduro during his second inauguration based on the 1999 constitution. However, the Supreme Court denied such claims holding that the national assembly’s act was not in line with the constitution (Grant, 2019). Thus, there was a need for re-election. However, the efforts of the Organization of America States to call for another election have not born any […]

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  • Politics
  • by Louisa Garbo
  • 26. April 2019

Cross-Border Bilateral Negotiations

Negotiation across boundaries, especially involving multiple nations is a difficult and challenging process because of the complexity of issues involved, the communication preferences, the differences in cultural values and perspectives, the of scope of the agenda and approaches to the negotiations that are acceptable by all parties involved, and the terms of the agreement in the final stage. This article is an excerpt of a paper I wrote last year which examined the recent amendment to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as the case study. Even though NAFTA is a trilateral agreement, the paper focused only on the cross-border bilateral […]

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Yemen and World Law: Building from Current Violations

“Shall we not learn from life its laws, dynamics, balances?  Learn to base our needs not on death, destruction, waste, but renewal?”— Nancy Newhall On 16 April 2019, U.S. President Donald Trump vetoed S.J. Resolution 7 to withdraw U.S. support for the Saudi and United Arab Emirates-led coalition in the war on Yemen.   The resolution had passed both houses of Congress with bipartisan support.  However, there are most likely not enough votes to override the veto; a two-thirds majority is needed. Also on 16 April, a French investigative NGO with web journal Disclose published a note of the French military intelligence service […]

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Will the U.N. Appeal for a halt to the March on Tripoli be heard?

With the administrative-political situation in Libya badly stalemated and a meeting for negotiations to be held 14-16 April unlikely to make progress, on Thursday 4 April 2019, General Khalifa Hafter, one of the key players in the drama decided to start a “March on Tripoli” and to take overall power by force. Most of the significant buildings in Libyan cities were built by Italians during the Fascist period when Libya was an Italian colony.  Thus, General Hafter has patterned himself on Mussolini’s 1922 “March on Rome”.  In 1922, the diplomats of most States looked away when Mussolini marched or the diplomats took it […]

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Dogon-Peul Conflict in Mali Draws U.N. Attention to Broader Settled Agriculturalist-Pastoralists Tensions in Africa

On 29 March 2019, the United Nations Security Council held a discussion largely devoted to the disintegration of the State of Mali, brought  into sharp focus by the brutal killing on 23 March of some 150 persons in the village of Ogossagou, mostly women and children.  In addition some 50 persons were badly wounded so the death toll may grow in the near future.  The village of Ogossagou in the middle area of Mali was largely inhabited by Peuls, a cattle-raising group.  Thus many men were away from the village, and it was women and children who were killed, often by being burned alive. […]

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Women in Armed Conflicts: Role and Consequences

The Ongoing Conflicts in the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon. Abstract The role of women in armed conflicts is more prominent than imagined. Besides being victims due to their vulnerability, women have played frontline roles in revolutions, independence struggles and wars in many countries. The focus on this write up is the role women have played so far on the ongoing crises in the English-speaking regions of Cameroon, and the effects of the crises on them. What started in October 2016 as a teachers and lawyers strike demanding better working conditions in these two English speaking regions […]

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Navroz: Turkish Troops in Afrim: Renewal and Complexity

Navroz, usually celebrated on 21 March in Iran and Central Asia, is the “New Day”, the end of the old year with its hardships and deceptions and the start of the New Year to be filled with hope and optimism. With each periodical festival, the participants find the same sacred time – the same that had been manifested in the festival of the previous year or the festival of a century earlier. It is a day for spiritual renewal and physical rejuvenation and is usually a time for reciting devotional poetry, presenting food with symbolic meaning to guests, and visits […]

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Women in Peace & Security: Women of faith in peacebuilding

Abstract Women have a dual experience in their roles as advocates for peace, particularly women of faith. The irony is that while they are more immersed in the community and thus have the power to exert more influence, they are invisible and excluded from most peace processes. The realm of religion, like most other fields, have been traditionally lead by men. In this article, we examine the role of women in religious peacebuilding, as well as the role of women faith leaders in peacebuilding. We will take a closer examination of the role that women play in alternative dispute resolution […]

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The Warsaw Process: Slow Start, Clear Focus

“This is a new era for the future and for prosperity for all the nations” Yusuf bin Alawi, Foreign Minister of Oman, said optimistically in Warsaw at the 13-14 February 2019 Ministerial Conference to Promote a Future of Peace and Security in the Middle East. The sunrise of the new era may be showing its first rays on the horizon but is certainly not yet visible to all. At the same time that bin Alawi was speaking, the Presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran were meeting in Sochi on the Black Sea to discuss the future of Syria. They were […]

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Warsaw Process Towards a Conference on Security and Cooperation in the Middle East

On 13-14 February 2019, there is planned The Ministerial Conference to Promote a Future of Peace and Security in the Middle East. The conference was called jointly by the governments of the U.S.A. and Poland, but it is likely that the U.S.A. is the “senior partner”. The goal of the conference as set out in the invitation is “to take the policy priorities that emerge from the ministerial meeting and to operationalize those policies by having follow-on meetings in various parts of the world.” When the conference was first presented, there was a strong anti-Iran coloring in the U.S. presentation, […]

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Moscow Format for Afghan Conflict Resolution Continues

Building within the framework of the multi-State efforts for conflict resolution in Afghanistan, more narrowly-focused talks took place in Moscow on 5 and 6 February 2019 among some 50 Afghan participants led on the one hand by former President Hamed Karzai, President from late 2001 to 2014, and Sher Mohammed Abbas Stanikzai, the chief negotiator for the Taliban.  While the original Moscow Format conference was organized by the Foreign Ministry of the Russian Federation, this follow up was stated as being at the invitation of the Afghan diaspora living in Russia.  In any difficult, prolonged effort as this Moscow Format, […]

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