New Start for Stability in Libya

The 74 members of the Libya Political Dialogue Forum meeting in Geneva, Switzerland with the mediation of the United Nations, on 5 February 2021, announced the creation of a new executive authority for all of Libya. This interim unity government would lead the administration until national elections which are to be held on 24 December […]

Why did the hope for peace associated with the Oslo process unravel so quickly?

The Oslo accords were a set of written agreements between Israel, represented by Labour party leader Yitzhak Rabin, and Yasser Arafat, who was representative of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, mediated in most part by US president Bill Clinton (Erakat, 2019). The first meeting, “Oslo I”, was signed in Washington D.C. in 1993. The “Oslo II” […]

Why is the Conflict in Lebanon So Intractable?

On October 17th of this year, Lebanese people took to the streets in an exceptional protest against government corruption following the announcement that there would be taxes imposed on the use of the free, internet-based messenger service WhatsApp. Distrusting sentiment towards the sectarian government has been brewing for as long as Lebanon has existed with […]

The civil war in South Sudan from 2013 – 2019

Background to the South Sudan Armed Conflict of December 2013 The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 that ended 22 years of North-South War in Sudan led to South Sudan’s eventual separation from Sudan and the creation as the United Nation’s 193 member state in 2011 (International Peace Institute, 2016).  South Sudan became the newest nation […]

Geopolitical Assessment of Global Pandemics and Climate Change

The title “Geopolitical Assessment of Global Pandemics and Climate Change” comprises of four expressions – global pandemics, climate change, geopolitical assessment of global pandemics, and geopolitical assessment of climate change. We endeavor to discuss the whole issue under three heads for convenience.   Global Pandemics and Climate Change: In the history of human civilization epidemics […]

Global (Dis)Order: A Bipolar+ World in the Making

    Content: 1. Introduction 2. Geopolitics and Political Geography: Definitions 3. Overview of Geopolitical Orders: Cold War and New World Order 4. Redefining American Foreign Policy: From Unilateralism to Internationalism to Isolationism 5. New World Order: Bipolar+ in Weaponry, Multipolar in Economics 6. U.S.—Russia+ in the Middle East: A New Cold War 7. United […]

Storm Clouds Gather Over Ethiopia

The armed conflict which began on 4 November 2020 between the central government of Ethiopia and the semi-autonomous province of Tigray – bordering Eritrea and Sudan – has raised fears of a wider conflict.  Hundreds of people have already been killed, and the United Nations has warned of a massive refugee flow.  Details are difficult […]