Global (Dis)Order: A Bipolar+ World in the Making

Content: Introduction: Global (Dis)Order: A Bipolar+ World in the Making  Geopolitics and Political Geography: Definitions    Overview of Geopolitical Orders: Cold War and New World Order Redefining American Foreign Policy: From Unilateralism to Internationalism to Isolationism      New World Order: Bipolar+ in Weaponry, Multipolar in Economics U.S.—Russia+ in the Middle East: A New Cold […]

Storm Clouds Gather Over Ethiopia

The armed conflict which began on 4 November 2020 between the central government of Ethiopia and the semi-autonomous province of Tigray – bordering Eritrea and Sudan – has raised fears of a wider conflict.  Hundreds of people have already been killed, and the United Nations has warned of a massive refugee flow.  Details are difficult […]

Nagorno-Karabakh: Starting the Second Month of War

27 September 2020 marked the start of a renewed armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh among the forces of Azerbaijan, the Armenian-populated Republic of Artsakh, and Armenia.  The conflict has provoked a loss of life and the destruction of civilian property.  Of the 150,000 persons living in the Republic of Artsakh prior to the start of the […]

Diplomacy Behind the Rhetoric of NAFTA

  The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA 2.0), also known as U.S.M.C.A. (as U.S. President Trump didn’t like the term NAFTA) was finally signed off by the three countries’ representatives. New York Times provided the following summary on the trade tension particularly between the United States and Canada “…..that Mr. Trump’s threats of economic […]

International Law and Politics: The Chechen Conflict

This paper examines international in the context of politics, as practiced in national states through international law. Countries operate in a legal system that affects their relations in international law. This is because national laws promote state interests and international law advances benefits for the benefit of the international community. In times of conflict, national […]

UN Test Case alias Peacebuilding in Timor-Leste

The establishment of a new state in itself requires a mediator because on the brink of the 21st century there are no undiscovered lands that would provide space for a conflict free establishment of a new state hence any change in territorial authority will lead to conflict of interests between states, Timor-Leste is no exception.

Arms Trade Treaty: The work of the United Nations in disarment

Since World War II, an increasing number of states have decided to join world trading systems and thereby lower protectionist barriers. Contrary to general trends, such as trade liberalizations, certain goods such as drugs, antiquities, and arms have more and more become a matter of international control systems. Many governments do more and more restrict […]

The Indo-Nepali Treaty of Friendship

The Himalayan country of Nepal is well-known for its ancient culture, natural beauty, and ethnic diversity. The country was closed to the outside world until the 1950s, ruled by a monarchy. Since then, Nepal progressed and established a multi-party parliament system, which is the central outcome of the country’s decade-long civil war. Nepal is surrounded […]

Mindful Reflection on Resource Conflicts in Nepal

Nepal is a country in South Asia, well-known for its impressive mountains, natural beauty, and cultural diversity. Surrounded by its giant neighbors and global players India and China, the country is one of the poorest in the world. Nevertheless, its natural treasure is impressive. Water, forests, and natural biodiversity are crucial for the country, its […]

Biodiversity and Conflict in Nepal

The Government of Nepal is planning to construct a new international airport as the capacity of Nepal’s currently only international airport in Kathmandu has reached its limits. Apart from the presently constructed airports in Lumbini and Pokhara, government officials claim that an alternative to the capital’s Tribhuvan International Airport is urgently needed. Nijgadh, an area […]