Why did the hope for peace associated with the Oslo process unravel so quickly?

The Oslo accords were a set of written agreements between Israel, represented by Labour party leader Yitzhak Rabin, and Yasser Arafat, who was representative of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, mediated in most part by US president Bill Clinton (Erakat, 2019). The first meeting, “Oslo I”, was signed in Washington D.C. in 1993. The “Oslo II” […]

The civil war in South Sudan from 2013 – 2019

Background to the South Sudan Armed Conflict of December 2013 The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 that ended 22 years of North-South War in Sudan led to South Sudan’s eventual separation from Sudan and the creation as the United Nation’s 193 member state in 2011 (International Peace Institute, 2016).  South Sudan became the newest nation […]

Storm Clouds Gather Over Ethiopia

The armed conflict which began on 4 November 2020 between the central government of Ethiopia and the semi-autonomous province of Tigray – bordering Eritrea and Sudan – has raised fears of a wider conflict.  Hundreds of people have already been killed, and the United Nations has warned of a massive refugee flow.  Details are difficult […]

International Law and Politics: The Chechen Conflict

This paper examines international in the context of politics, as practiced in national states through international law. Countries operate in a legal system that affects their relations in international law. This is because national laws promote state interests and international law advances benefits for the benefit of the international community. In times of conflict, national […]

Would a higher instance be able to arbitrate the conflict in the East China Sea?

A centuries-old conflict between China and Japan about the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands seems to come to a head over the past few years. A conflict over territory and resources between two nations expands on a global scale and involves more and more parties. The conflict in the East China Sea between Japan and China goes back […]

The Responsibility to Protect: How the World Failed in Syria

The international community has failed in its responsibility to take timely and decisive action to protect Syrian people from mass atrocities, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and large-scale human rights violations committed by Assad regime and supported by Russia and Iran. Over half a million Syrians have been killed since the outbreak of conflict […]

America’s Cost of War in Iraq: 405,000 – 650,000 Lives Lost, $2 Trillion Spent

The Responsibility to Protect justifies a military intervention against another state—and authorized by the UN Security Council—when a government is unable, unwilling or fails to protect its population against, or is being involved itself, in four crimes: war crime, genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crime against humanity. When using the military force on behalf of the […]

Trade-wars and making of meaning

We need new solutions and new economic thinking – old thinking brings old solutions. Economics are still about resources of production – access to those, value-adding and arbitrage. If policies and actions are not to lead to loss for oneself in a modern interconnected environment it is important to realize that real economics are not […]

Palestinian Refugees: Listen their plea once and for all

ABSTRACT Trump administration has increased efforts in attempt to find a final solution on the Palestine status by removing the “refugee issue” of the negotiation table. The “refugee issue” is a central feature of the entire conflict between Israelis and Palestinians and is treated as inseparable from that of “self-determination.” Any future peace deal, therefore, […]