The war began in 2011 when the public was protesting wrongful, and torture in the country, the president Bashar Al-Assad reacted by imprisonment of more people and killing hundreds of them. That led to the formation of a rebel group known as the Free Syrian Army to oust the authoritative regime in July 2011 (BBC News, 2019). The Middle East countries like Jordan, Israel, and Saudi Arabia are against such acts, thus support the opposition while Iran supports the president and has supplied soldiers to reinforce the government forces. Besides, it has emerged as a backyard for international intervention where the US backs the rebels as Russia supports the government. That has even escalated the war leading to the displacement of several people from the country.
When ISIS joined the rebels to fight against the President, the US reacted by training a section of the rebels to fight the Islamic States in Iraq rather than fighting the authoritative president. For that matter, the president has applied chemical weapons to kill civilians as the US intervene using air strikes (Bijlani, 2017). The united nations have accused both the opposition and the government of committing human crimes such as manslaughter, rape, and torture besides preventing access to essentials of life like water, food, and healthcare. The latest chemical attack occurred in July 2018 in Douma where 40 people died and several others injured. Several others died later due to suffocation and injuries (BBC News, 2018). Currently, the war has existed more than World War II.
Currently, more than half the population of Syria have fled to seek refuge in neighboring countries like Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, and Lebanon, which is around 6.5 million. The number makes Syria the most massive humanitarian catastrophe. More than six million people are trapped in Syria amidst the escalating war despite the international agreement to minimize the intensity of such war (UNHCR, 2019). Humanitarian access to the country is very minimal due to the high level of insecurity in the country, leaving about 2.9 million people in remote areas without any aid. Most of the people affected by diversity are children.
Recently, northwest Syria experienced military escalation where the Russian and Syrian regime initiated a deadly campaign of the bombardment of parts of Idlib, Aleppo and Hama Provinces after an attack of certain groups formerly linked to Al Qaeda. Various agreement to establish demilitarized regions in the country have been violated and talks about creating security zones failed. Most of the countries like USA, Russia, and Turkey participating in reducing the war in Syria have conflicting interests making their talks about creating secured zones in eth country futile.
The Syrian war is in its 9th year without a basic understanding of the leading cause of war in Syria. As a result, several questions emerge. First, what is the leading cause of war in Syria? Is it dictatorship from President Bashar Al-Assad or is it a battleground for the different international countries for supremacy, US and Russia? The US supports the rebellion regime, and Russia supports the government towards ending the war. For this matter, is the international community in a consensus to end this war soon?
When the United States began their support, they were against the authoritative government and wanted justice for the aggrieved parties. Later on, the Islamic States in Iraq joined together with the rebel group to fight the ousting of the president. However, the US government changed its aim and began fighting the ISIS, who was also in the same course in their country (Bijlani, 2017). So far, their fight to remove the dictator from power has reduced and intensified their fight against ISIS. What is the main interest of the US in the Syrian war? The President who has committed humanitarian crime sabotage or elimination of the ISIS who are also in the course of toppling that lousy government? Can the US government cooperate with the ISIS since Syria is an Islamic state to fight for justice of the tortured, brutalized, and aggrieved citizens? If not, will the war ever end?
Countries like the European Union, the United States, and Turkey, among others, have shown their solidarity with the innocent children by offering aids through bodies like UNCHCR and UNICEF. They have also called for talks in a bid to create secured areas in the region to enhance their aids and safety of the citizens (BBC News, 2018). Conversely, these groups have various interests and would like to control specific areas that have inhibited the aim of these conferences. What then, is the main objective of these nations? Narrow interests or the assistance of the humiliated and poor citizens innocent trapped in the war?
Mediation process needs neutral individuals to assist the disputants in solving their issues amicably. However, the international community has not brought the rebels and the government to the table to unearth the main issue. Will they manage to reach a long-lasting solution by separating the parties in the parties in the mediation process? Therefore, it is essential for the international community to redefine their interests in the Syrian War and establish better techniques in handling the conflict. Otherwise, peacekeeping mission and creating safer zones in the country will remain a nightmare.